Artificial Intelligence: Definitions, Philosophy, Purpose, Techniques and Application

Artificial Intelligence AI

What is Artificial Intelligence?

Artificial Intelligence definition : Artificial Intelligence’s Father John McCarthy: Artificial Intelligence is a scientific and engineering application used to make intelligent machines, especially intelligent computer programs.

Artificial Intelligence is capable of thinking machine design. These machines are defined as intelligent machines.

The debate about the importance of Artificial Intelligence has accelerated in recent years. Disagreements as to whether this technology will be a blessing or a disaster for the existence of mankind is the foremost conflict of opinion.

The idea of ​​creating Artificial Intelligence is defined as making people’s lives easier. One of the aims of researchers working on artificial intelligence is to add emotional abilities to machines as well as to give them thinking skills.

After this general information about Artificial Intelligence, it is useful to examine this technology more deeply.

Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence

After the rise of computers, it was greatly reduced to do human work. Computers, which are now used in almost every sector, have become addictive for people.

In today’s world where we are completely surrounded by computers, the question mi Can machines think and act like humans? Gel comes to mind. This question, which is expected to be answered in general, forms the basis of the curiosity that triggers the developments related to artificial intelligence. Advances in Artificial Intelligence are the result of an effort to make machines think like humans.

Purpose of Artificial Intelligence

The main objectives of Artificial Intelligence technology are as follows.

Building Specialized Systems

The specialized systems mentioned here must be able to demonstrate clever behavior, learn, promote, explain and provide the most valid recommendations to users.

Loading the Concept of Intelligence to Machines

This is intended to develop systems that can understand, think, learn and exhibit behaviors such as people.

Elements that Help Artificial Intelligence

best definition of artificial intelligence, it can be shown as a branch of science and technology with the foundations of computer science, biology, psychology, linguistics, mathematics and engineering. The basic motivation of artificial intelligence is to develop computer functions by combining human intelligence to acquire skills such as logical approach, learning new things and problem-solving skills and artificial intelligence a modern approach.

Artificial Intelligence Technique

The strange features of real-world information can be listed as follows;

– Their size is unimaginably large.
– It is not in a regular or usable format.
– Varies regularly.

Artificial Intelligence technique, on the other hand, can be defined as using information in an appropriate format and using it in a useful way. Therefore, the information should have the following characteristics:

– Information should be comprehensible.
– Easily adaptable to correct errors.
– Even if the information is not complete, it should be used effectively.

Artificial Intelligence Applications

Artificial Intelligence Applications

Artificial intelligence is a technology that has profound effects in many areas. Some of these areas are listed below.

– Game Industry

Artificial Intelligence plays an important role in chess and similar strategy games. In this type of games, artificial intelligence should be able to think of multiple steps by using the acquired knowledge.

– Ability to use language

Artificial Intelligence should be able to communicate with other computers through the languages ​​people use.

– Specialized Systems

There are several applications that can think and advise in collaboration with machines, programs and some specific data. These practices are useful in providing the necessary clarity by providing appropriate advice to people.

– Visual Systems

Systems in this tube are able to capture and process visual data and make sense.
For example; Reconnaissance planes can produce meaningful data about the region by processing the photographs they take.

– Speech Detection

There are systems that can understand and speak languages ​​used by people. Some of these systems can detect slang words, accents, and even background noise.

– Handwriting Detection

Such special software can identify the handwriting written on the screen or on paper, either with a pen or tablet pens. These systems can recognize letters and convert them to text format.

Robots are one of the most important inventions created by humans and can do multiple tasks in the blink of an eye. Although they are not advanced enough to replace people, robots are undeniably effective inventions when it comes to performing tasks.

Robots are equipped with sensors that allow them to understand the physical properties of light, heat, temperature, motion, pressure and the like. In addition, robots have fast processors and huge memory.

The most successful features of these systems are that they can adapt to their environment.

Although the pros and cons of Artificial Intelligence need to be assessed, the following list may be useful.

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Advantages of Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence has a complex structure. This is because computer science operates using a mixture of mathematics and other complex disciplines. With this complex programming, machines can mimic people’s cognitive abilities.

The advantages of the artificial intelligence technology mentioned above can be explained as follows.

1- Error Reduction:

Artificial Intelligence minimizes errors and gives us the chance to get as close to the truth as possible. This technology is applied in many studies such as space research.

Smart robots are sent to the space explorer by loading information for this application. Since the bodies that host these systems are manufactured with metal, they are resistant to atmospheres where space and life are impossible.

These robots are designed and manufactured in such a way that they can move in harsh atmospheres and space without being affected.

2- Undertaking AI Discoveries:

Artificial intelligence and robotics can be used to undertake the search for mining and other energy resources. In addition, these complex machines can be sent to inspect the ocean floor beyond human limits.

These robots, operating in the programmed way, can operate at a much more detailed and intense work pace than humans. Moreover, these robots do not wear out easily and do not interrupt the task.

3- Everyday Applications:

Autonomous reasoning, learning and perception have become one of the situations we frequently encounter in our daily lives. For example, voice command systems Siri and Cortana are ready to help us every day.

In addition, with the help of GPS, we often find a way to travel comfortably. Smartphones are the best example of how we use artificial intelligence every day. One of the applications on our smartphones is the application that corrects our spelling mistakes when writing for messages or something. These are the work of intelligent machines.

The artificial intelligence algorithms that process our photos can identify people’s faces and label them on social media networks.

However, artificial intelligence comes to the aid of the financial and banking sectors. These sectors use artificial intelligence to organize and control their data. In order to prevent fraud, the artificial intelligence system in smart cards comes into play and creates a safer shopping system.

4- Digital Support:

Advanced artificial intelligence companies and organizations get help for their business by communicating with the “avatars dijital they have created for digital support. These companies and organizations can thus reduce the number of employees they need.

For artificial thought, emotions are a factor that affects rational decisions rather than distractions. Robots without such emotions can make the right decision by thinking logically.

Emotions are related to mental state and reduce the effectiveness of people by damaging decision-making ability. This obstacle can be completely eliminated with smart machines.

5- Repetitive Tasks:

Monotonous and repetitive tasks can be handled by intelligent machines. Machines can think faster than people and perform multiple tasks at the same time. Smart machines can also be a good option for dangerous tasks. Unlike humans, the parameters of these machines can be set. Because their speed and timings consist of calculated parameters.

When people play computer games or control a robot, what they actually do is interact with artificial intelligence. In the bigisyar game we play, the main opponent is the computer. The intelligence of the machine is the response to our actions. For this reason, the game industry is the first field of use of artificial intelligence.

6- Medical Applications:

It is possible to encounter many artificial intelligence applications in the medical sector. Doctors use machines with artificial intelligence to assess patients’ health and health risks. These machines play an enlightening role in the side effects of different drugs.

Medical staff are often trained with artificial surgery simulators. Because this method revives the brain’s work, it is of great importance in detecting and following neurological problems.

Robotics also helps people suffering from mental distress to get rid of depression and live actively. One of the most well-known artificial intelligence applications is “radiosurgery göz. Radiosurgery is used to remove tumors and helps to prevent damage to other tissues during the procedure.

7- Working without a break:

People’s acine machines do not need to take a break and rest and come to themselves. The machines, which are programmed for long hours of operation, continue to operate without being bored, distracted or tired.

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Disadvantages of Artificial Intelligence

1- High Cost:

Since they are extremely complex machines, developing artificial intelligence is a very costly task. The repair and maintenance of these machines is just as costly.

They have software that needs to be smarter day by day and has to adapt to the changing environment.

In the event of a system crash, recovering lost codes and re-operating the system can be a time-consuming task.

2- Inability to Imitate People:

Intelligence is seen as a gift of nature. There is an ethical debate in order to ensure that people’s intelligence is not copied.

Machines do not have any sense or sense of action. Only machines that do the work they are programmed to have the right and wrong concepts. Moreover, they cannot decide even if they encounter a foreign situation. In such cases, they either carry out a wrong operation or stop completely.

3- Inability to develop with experience:

Unlike people, artificial intelligence cannot improve itself by learning from experience. Although they have a lot of data, they use it in a very different way than people do. Machines are incapable of adapting their responses in changing environments.

Nowadays we often come across questions about whether machines will replace people, but there is not yet a machine with artificial intelligence that can act like a complete human being. The machines do not have concepts of concern, relevance or the like. These machines, which do not have feelings of belonging or unity, lack the understanding of the difference between the industrious and useful individual and the lazy individual.

4- Lack of Creativity:

Creativity and imagination are merits of artificial intelligence. While these machines can help you create and design your design, it is impossible for them to be the rival of a creative mind or a thinking human brain.

Humans are very sentimental and emotional intelligence. People see, hear, think and feel. People’s thoughts are shaped by emotions that machines don’t have. The instinctual skills of the evolutionary human brain cannot be imitated by machines.

5- Probability of Causing Unemployment:

The fact that machines begin to do people’s work can lead to a major unemployment.

Unemployment is socially undesirable. People who have nothing to do may tend to use their creativity in a destructive way.

If the development of artificial intelligence accelerates, people may become dependent on machines, if not necessary. This can damage their creativity and lead to lazy individuals. Moreover, if people start to think in a destructive direction, things can get out of hand.

If used in the wrong hands, artificial intelligence can become a serious threat to human beings. This technology, which can turn into a mass destruction method, can also be used to suppress human beings.

In the light of the aforementioned discussions, there are two main objectives in the development of artificial intelligence. The first is to develop and disseminate artificial intelligence, and the second is to educate people for the conscious use of artificial intelligence.

Identifying and working on the risks posed by artificial intelligence is a priority. Programming errors and cyber attacks must be handled with care. Technology companies and this industry have to pay much attention to the quality of software. The society created in this world and our lives are the products of an ongoing intelligence.

Artificial intelligence can be both a developing factor for human intelligence and an input that renders it weak. Therefore, as long as we continue to use artificial intelligence as useful to us, it is thought to be a technology that will contribute to the development of humanity.

Reliability of Artificial Intelligence

In recent times and in the near future, work is underway for non-technical topics such as security and economy or legislation, so that artificial intelligence can be beneficial to people’s lives and community life.

While even the crashes of the laptops we use cause minor problems, errors in the software of an autonomous flying servant, gaps in financial systems, or malfunction of electrical control systems in homes are not acceptable.

While artificial intelligence is an inseparable element for deadly autonomous weapons, their control in the future will continue to be of great importance.

Creating artificial intelligence may be described as the greatest achievement of human beings. If this technology can be used constructively, artificial intelligence may have the potential to lead hunger and poverty between the dusty pages of history.

The issue being discussed is whether we can achieve an artificial intelligence at this level. The creators and preparers of technology argue that machines with artificial intelligence are useful and created to help humanity.

On the other hand, the damages and destruction capacity that can be shown as a side effect of artificial intelligence pose a risk that cannot be ignored. At this point, the most important thing we need to do in order to control artificial intelligence is to investigate further and to examine the importance of artificial intelligence in depth.

Only by doing research can we foresee the potential harms of artificial intelligence, and we can comfortably enjoy what this miraculous invention offers us.

“Robots will be able to save us from extinction in the near future, Piet says Pieter Abbeel, a scientist at the Computer Science Department at the University of California. Machines with artificial intelligence will take care of the elderly and open the door for people to live longer without the need for anyone. Abbeel also believes that artificial intelligence will lead to a significant reduction in traffic accidents. According to Abbeel, if this technology is developed correctly, traffic accidents can become a thing of the past.

According to Shimon Whiteson, computer and human cannot be evaluated independently. These two entities come together in a beneficial partnership and become a single entity.

Yoky Matsuoka has a unique example of this. Imagine a person losing one of his limbs. Then imagine an artificial limb attached to this person. If this artificial limb functions as an intelligent machine, think about what artificial intelligence can do for this person. Wouldn’t it be perfect for a person to do things he couldn’t do on his own through this limb with artificial intelligence?

Thomas Dietterich is also influenced by the combination of human and artificial intelligence. According to Dietterich, in the future, thanks to artificial intelligence, people will have increased senses. For example, they will be able to see, hear, and even be more powerful than the exoskeleton-like structures. What’s more, these structures will help us walk when we get older and weaken our bones and muscles. Moreover, your eyes and ears may one day let you down, but artificial intelligence will still allow you to see and hear.

In Stuart Russell, all the problems we face, including climate change, can be solved by artificial intelligence. This technology will carry our civilization only and further, since the intelligence of human beings will develop in an incredible way thanks to artificial intelligence. Artificial intelligence can play a leading role in the treatment of diseases, while foreseeing an environmental catastrophe and offering us time and a way to act quickly. Moreover, this technology has the potential to eradicate poverty.

“Border is the Sky,” says Oren Etzioni, CEO of Allen Artificial Intelligence Institute. According to Etzioni, from the space exploration to the elimination of the ebola virus, all human achievement can be traced by artificial intelligence and recorded. Artificial intelligence can trace the progress of humanity and record it.

Artificial Intelligence and robotic technologies do not only develop in the usual way. Space or ocean opens up our horizons by discovering different things. Since the mother of all inventions is needed, artificial intelligence will act according to needs. Human beings are becoming more successful in expressing and defining their needs. Moreover, they are equally successful in finding solutions to these needs. Everything is moving so fast that we can’t even notice small changes. Thanks to this speed, we are able to keep up with almost every development.

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How can artificial intelligence contribute to humanity?

The list we have prepared for this topic offers 7 ways how Artificial Intelligence can help without harming humanity.

Artificial intelligence is the way to make life on earth better.

Artificial Intelligence is a concept that affects both experts and people outside the sector for years. The speed of technology is unimaginable today and we can easily say that we carry more power in our pockets than in our homes in the 90s.

Great discoveries have been made in machine learning and deep learning technologies. Thanks to the aforementioned concepts, the machines began to process information in a highly advanced manner. Thanks to these advances in artificial intelligence, machines can now even perform complex tasks such as face recognition.

When this is the case, the risks posed by artificial intelligence on humanity are inevitably discussed. Strong arguments that artificial intelligence will harm humanity by controlling people’s lives are also marked by this discussion.

Moreover, the fact that artificial intelligence technology has an increasing impact on our daily lives can lead to unpredictable dangers such as “killer robots bir, a logical view for many.

Although the elements of the discussion are serious enough to require us to completely throw away the scary and artificial intelligence technology, you will find reasons to show that this technology is actually a blessing for humanity.

1- Advanced Automation

Today, artificial intelligence is advanced enough to serve as a labor force without the need for human intervention. Because of this advanced technology, they can undertake different tasks in many different sectors.

In addition to machine and deep learning, many different artificial intelligence technologies are used by different companies and sectors to contribute to reducing the need for labor.

This reduces operational costs and labor costs and places artificial intelligence in an unprecedented location.

Among the wonders of artificial intelligence in the field of automation, perhaps the best example is the Japanese Reading company. The company recently exhibited many of its inventions by organizing an introduction to the artificial intelligence future production.

These inventions include robots of all sizes and shapes, improved machine parts and intelligent machine equipment. The presentation is an important event that demonstrates the blessings of artificial intelligence in the field of automation.

2- Saving People from These Challenges by Providing Labor Force for Boring Jobs

Artificial intelligence can be regarded as a blessing for humanity, since it allows people to move freely to the jobs they are more successful at.

By utilizing the skills of artificial intelligence and its applications, we can easily transfer all the boring things people have to do to them and achieve the results they need.

The machines are very successful in depressing and monotonous works. This gives people the opportunity to engage in more creative and personal jobs.

For example, the best suited for this is the banking sector that has advanced through the benefits of artificial intelligence and its applications. The finance sector makes use of artificial intelligence technologies to make daily transactions much faster and easier for its customers.

The same technology allows researchers and analysts to breathe comfortably, freeing them from monotonous jobs, and helping them develop their customer experience through deeper research and analysis.

3- Smart Weather Forecast

In recent years, we have witnessed that artificial intelligence is used for weather forecasts and climate forecasts. Climate Informatics stands out as a constantly evolving field, thanks to the efficient collaboration between data analysts and climate scientists. This collaboration came to light thanks to the tools that allow for the observation and observation of complex data, and thus the missing link between the data and the interpretation of these data could be replaced.

There are countless artificial intelligence applications used to get precise weather forecasts. IBM, for example, has been using computers since 1996 to make better weather forecasts.

Since then, the United States has made use of artificial intelligence to make weather forecasts more successful.

Nowadays, people have more accurate ideas about climate change and its effects.

Because weather forecasts require intensive calculations and deep learning, they need powerful computer networks with the power to perform these complex calculations. For this reason, it was inevitable that artificial intelligence and the computing power it needed would prepare the ground for supercomputers.

Thanks to these developments, people had the foresight they needed so much, and they had a large maneuvering area in the face of a possible disaster or natural disaster.

4- Next Generation Measures and Interventions Against Possible Disasters

The State of California, United States of America was the scene of devastating forest fires in 2017. More than a million acres of forest fire in ash, 85 people died in the record, while 249 people were reported as missing.

Because climate change is becoming a greater threat every day, many companies are using artificial intelligence technology to develop algorithms to combat such disasters. Zira artificial intelligence is capable of analyzing appropriately to respond to catastrophic situations and is able to provide real-time weather and disaster data.

This is very useful for people because it allows them to identify sensitive areas and take the necessary measures.

In addition, artificial intelligence can stimulate people much earlier than usual, giving them time to take precautions and prepare.

In the coming days, artificial intelligence technology will learn from past disasters thanks to deep learning and will be able to offer the necessary intervention suggestions to the events.

5- Rescuing People from Obligations and Responsibilities

One day there is a belief that robots and machines will take over the world and bring an end to humanity.

On the other hand, we ignore that artificial intelligence technology frees us from all responsibilities that we do not need or do not want to do.

We will not blindly allow a superior intelligence to control us. But ignoring the blessings that this technology offers to our lives will be so blind.

One of the most convincing artificial intelligence examples of this is the future of wars and armament. In Paul Scharre’s of Army of None ”, the potential of artificial intelligence in the field of war practices is addressed.

Scharre’s book says that the army and smart machines will work arm in arm in future battles.

6- The Perfect Combination of Creativity and Technology

It is appropriate to define artificial intelligence as the perfect combination of technology and creativity. Artificial intelligence is nothing but clever and creative thinking of robotic machines and transferring these ideas to various human practices.

On the basis of artificial intelligence lies the revolutions that people can achieve and succeed. This technology consists of several layers.

The benefits and benefits of artificial intelligence technology are so important and valuable that they can ignore their concerns. Which in turn will come to the aid of humanity in the future.

The project “Generation Z Engagement Strategies di showed us how Artificial Intelligence can combine creativity and technology efficiently. Brands using powerful artificial intelligence tools can now communicate with the Z generation in question using the right technology.

Creating commercial solutions with the use of data can be shown as just one of numerous applications of artificial intelligence with technological and creativity combinations.

7- Elimination of Errors

Clive Swan, Vice President of Oracle Adaptive Intelligent applications, says that artificial intelligence and its autonomous skills are the best way to eliminate human factor and hence human error.

The best part of artificial intelligence and its numerous technologies is that it does not allow mistakes. Sectors and firms often plan with a significant margin of error in mind. Because it is not surprising to encounter such mistakes in the work done with human labor.

Sectors generally try to cope with this problem. Moreover, this margin of error may be important obstacles to success, innovation and even scientific or technological progress.

As a result, we need precise calculations of robots and machines, which can reduce errors to zero.

Most of the reasons mentioned above are proof that Artificial Intelligence and its applications can be beneficial to humanity. What’s more, in the future we can come across many more blessings of artificial intelligence.

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