When choosing computer equipment or a TV set, regardless of cost, brand, model, technical parameters, image quality is a priority. Color rendition, richness, image detailing largely depends on the matrix the technology of its execution. The screens of most modern devices are based on crystals consisting of small gas cells. At the same time, the type of matrix, its functionality largely depend on the technology used in the production process.
Let discuss VA panel vs IPS panel which is better and pros and cons of each.
What is IPS Panel?
For the first time, a product made using IPS technology was presented in 1996. The main task that the developers were striving to solve was the creation of a monitor that would be several times superior to the capabilities of TN screens and had a minimum of drawbacks. The peculiarity of the type of IPS matrix is a wide viewing angle, excellent contrast, and color reproduction close to natural.
In the framework of IPS technology, the crystals are evenly distributed over the entire surface of the screen. They are located parallel to each other. Due to this technique, it was possible to obtain a bright, contrasting image, which is practically not distorted at various angles.
Monitors built on this technology have many strengths, including versatility and excellent gaming compatibility. They can easily cope with high-quality playback of video content, suitable for solving work tasks. Although the IPS product is more expensive than the TFT competitor, it is preferable and suitable for both home and commercial use.
Pros IPS Panel TV and monitor:
- A good IPS display shows excellent color reproduction. In this case, the black will be deep and saturated. As a result, video and photo processing will bring exactly the result the user expected;
- If the monitor is exposed to the sun, the picture quality will hardly be affected. Despite the presence of small highlights, there will be no significant shade distortion;
- The image quality is not affected by changes in the viewing angle, regardless of the type and intensity of lighting. All parameters are preserved, for example, detail, color rendition and contrast;
- If we talk about smartphones and tablets equipped with IPS displays, the sensor will appreciate excellent responsiveness. Controlling such equipment does not require time and effort – everything here is designed for the comfort of the owner. The display responds instantly to finger or accessory touches. This option is especially appropriate for people of creative professions, for example, for designers, constructors, artists, etc.
The IPS screen type is the most common option implemented in relatively inexpensive equipment. At the same time, in some moments it loses to TFT solutions:
- The latter can boast of faster responses, however, such monitors are produced today very few;
- Increased power consumption. Smartphones and tablets are equipped with capacious batteries, however, due to increased energy consumption, the battery is barely enough for the whole working day.
Plane Line Switching is a technology that was born after the appearance of IPS models. It was presented by the South Korean manufacturer Samsung. It is not much superior to standard IPS and differs from it only in pixel density and an expanded gamut of shades. However, in real life, the average user is unlikely to notice significant changes. At the same time, artists and designers were able to rate the PLS screens with a high score.
What is VA panel Matrix?
VA technology, by analogy with IPS, was presented in 1996 by the well-known manufacturer Fujitsu. A goal was set for the developers of the company, which implies the creation of a new method for the production of liquid crystal screens. This measure was forced, since with the successful achievement of the goal, the manufacturer intended to start the production of modern displays at an affordable price.
In general, this is an expected and effective evolution of TN technology, since at that time the type of IPS matrix was considered an expensive pleasure.
The VA screen matrix type is based on the principle of vertical alignment – the technology is the main competitor to IPS. Crystals in VA matrices are perpendicular to the filter. If there is no voltage, the crystals cannot transmit light. During the operation of the screen, they are turned over 90o. In the process of gas (pixel) release, a black dot forms on the screen.
Over the years, VA technology has been modernized, resulting in a new type of MVA matrix. It boasts high contrast and near-natural blacks with no gray tint. VA displays do not initially have very wide viewing angles, so the image can be distorted and dim at any tilt. Having, for example, a TV with such a screen, the user will have to find the most convenient viewing point. However, the MVA display is capable of reproducing colors well, retains brightness, and allows you to enjoy content in daylight and artificial light.
This development became a continuation of VA, while with its implementation it was possible to eliminate almost all the disadvantages of its predecessor:
- The fastest response time. Now the indicator is close to the parameters typical of TN screens.
- The level of accuracy in displaying colors and shades has increased. They have become brighter and more juicy;
- If we talk about black, it has retained its brightness and depth.
- The viewing angles have expanded, reaching 180 ° . There is no double magnetic field and non-standard crystal arrangement.
This technology was presented by Samsung. Immediately after the first PVS matrix was presented, the manufacturer was accused of plagiarism, trying not to pay for a competitor’s patent. However, products based on this technology were inexpensive, while offering high contrast. The quality of the picture on the screen pleases the eye with excellent detailing, rich colors, including deep blacks. The technique appealed to professionals who are engaged in photography, video, graphics and other similar tasks.
The matrix has undergone changes compared to its predecessor. So, the viewing angles have been expanded. The black color has not remained unchanged, the response time has increased. A slight distortion of the image was preserved when deviating from a right angle, however, in ordinary life this drawback remains practically irreplaceable. Models of TVs and computer monitors produced in recent years are practically devoid of the above-described disadvantage, since the manufacturer regularly updates and improves the technology.
VA Panel Vs IPS Panel: Differences and features
Which matrix is better: VA Panel Vs IPS Panel? This question is asked by many users choosing a new device. We propose to figure out how the matrices differ and which option remains more appropriate in this or that case.
The backlight is an important element in the normal operation of the display. However, its work depends not only on the type of matrix but also on the screen as a whole.
VA assumes equal pixel position, so the backlight is uniform. There are no defects such as yellow and white areas around the perimeter.
In IPS screens, small defects can be observed that is concentrated directly around the perimeter and corners. If we talk about a high-quality product, the backlight will not have any drawbacks here. If you use a computer monitor and TV on a daily basis, it is better to give preference to VA models.
If we compare which matrix is better, IPS and VA in terms of showing black color, it is definitely better to prefer VA. In technology, produced since 2019, the minimum black saturation parameters are 0.015 nits, while in the IPS analogs this number is 075 nits. Therefore, VA guarantees a deeper, close-to-natural black. This is important when interacting with technology in artificial, not very bright lighting when watching feature films when working with photography and video.
The contrast parameter is much better in VA technology, which promises high image quality, and also has a positive effect on the health of the organs of vision. When working with such a monitor, the eyes practically do not get tired, and the image looks detailed and colorful.
images in motion
Despite the significant difference in the design features of the technologies, they both do an excellent job of reproducing images in motion. Visually it is not possible to find a significant difference. But do not ignore the quality of the screen as a whole. Budget solutions don’t always do the job well.
HDR is a technology that offers an expanded gamut of shades. It makes the picture natural, bright, and unique. But the quality of image enhancement directly depends on the matrix. Since VA models are characterized by high contrast, they are the ones that reproduce colors better, making the picture vivid and saturated.
IPS in combination with HDR is capable of delivering excellent results. Shallow dark colors remain so, but bright colors become more saturated, which is quite enough for an undemanding user who does not perform certain professional tasks on a device.
Viewing angle is a parameter that regulates the comfort of user interaction with the device. The leader in this area is the IPS display. Thus, the average viewing angle is up to 178 on and the picture quality will not change depending on the position of the person with respect to a monitor or TV.
In VA solutions, even with a slight deviation, distortions, a shift in shades are observed, which can cause some discomfort during prolonged viewing of content. If you’re watching a movie directly, VA technology is fine for continuous use. To ensure freedom of movement and long-term work with the gadget, you should give preference to the IPS option.
The fast response speed is the VA matrix. In 90% of screens, this parameter starts from one millisecond. Such solutions are great for game lovers, movie fans, crowded speakers.
IPS models have an average response speed of three milliseconds. This option is appropriate for e-sportsmen, undemanding users who use the device to solve standard simple tasks.
Complete comparison on HD Vs Full HD.
VA Panel Vs IPS Panel: which is better?
There is a huge selection of equipment on the specialized market, among which it is easy to find an option that fits into the individual requirements of buyers and the available budget. If you still have not decided what type of matrix to give preference to when buying a monitor for a computer, laptop, or TV, it is worth determining for what purpose the purchase is made.
IPS displays are irreplaceable:
- For people of creative professions, for example, designers, architects. Models support sRGB calibration, while displaying images that are close to natural colors. What the user sees on the screen, he will eventually receive on paper;
- For gamers playing on the latest generation of consoles. HDR support recommended. Despite the grayish black, the high contrast eliminates this disadvantage and allows you to enjoy the rich shades of other colors.
VA screens are recommended:
- People who are fond of esports, because in this case, a quick response solves many problems;
- Users working with a large volume of documentation. High contrast in a positive way affects the readability of the text and minimizes the negative impact on the eyes;
- Admirers of deep black color who prefer frequent rest in the company of cinema products.
However, there is not much difference between IPS and VA. Both options do an excellent job with the tasks, namely, they reproduce the picture in high quality.
VA Panel Vs IPS Panel for TV
When choosing a TV receiver, VA matrix becomes preferable for many users who want to save money on their purchase. However, keep in mind that the technology will delight you only if it is used in a small room, where the maximum deviation of the user’s position relative to the TV will be no more than 20⁰.
If the TV is purchased for the living room, it is worth giving preference to IPS solutions, since the matrix has a large viewing angle and the user’s position is not of fundamental importance. You can watch the TV screen while sitting, lying down or in motion.
VA Panel Vs IPS Panel monitor
Choosing a monitor model is much more difficult than choosing a TV. In this case, it is worth focusing on the tasks to be solved by the user. If the user works with video and graphics, IPS is the best solution today, as it makes it possible to achieve versatility from technology with high brightness, contrast and color rendition.
VA Panel Vs IPS Panel for gaming
When playing actively, the response time matters. Budget models equipped with IPS screens have a short response time, which is unacceptable for professional gamers. At the same time, the absence of a filter that reflects glare, a relatively low contrast and spots on the backlight also work against inexpensive technology.
In general, the IPS matrix demonstrates a good image, allowing you to play comfortably in normal lighting.
If the player interacts with the screen in the evening, while there is no bright artificial lighting in the room, VA or OLED matrix is perfect.
Which is better IPS or VA matrix? Each has its own advantages and disadvantages. It is for this reason that it is worth weighing all the pros and cons, determining the goals and objectives, taking into account the operating scenario of the equipment, the parameters of the room where it will be located, and then making a choice in favor of a suitable option.